Western Howgills

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Saunterings:  Walking in North-West England

References

The books and papers that have been referred to in or that have influenced Saunterings (a set of reflections based upon walks around the counties of Cumbria, Lancashire and North Yorkshire in North-West England) are listed below, followed by some websites that have been useful.

pendle     Ainsworth, William Harrison (1849), The Lancashire Witches, Henry Colburn.  20.
    Allen, Bob (1987), On High Lakeland Fells: The 100 Best Walks and Scrambles, Pic Publications.  51.
    Armitage, Simon (2012), Walking Home: Travels with a Troubadour on the Pennine Way, Faber and Faber.  58.
    Attenborough, David (2020), A Life on Our Planet, Witness Books.  130.
    Avery, Mark (2015), Inglorious: Conflict in the Uplands, Bloomsbury.  59.

    Baddeley, M.J.B. (1880, 1922), The English Lake District, Ward, Lock & Co [first published in 1880 and re-published in 26 editions until 1978: the version I have is the 14th edition (1922)].  9, 23, 51, 60, 125, 137.
    Baker, J.A. (1967, republished 2011), The Peregrine, Collins.
    Barkham, Patrick (2010), The Butterfly Isles, Granta.  55, 87.
    Bavin, Eric (1999), Travelling in Lakeland, The Pentland Press.  100.
    Bentley, John and Bentley, Carol (2005), Ingleton History Trail.
    Berry, Geoffrey and Beard, Geoffrey (1980), The Lake District: A Century of Conservation, John Bartholomew & Son.  60, 142.
    Bibby, Andrew (2005), Forest of Bowland with Pendle Hill and the West Pennine Moors, Francis Lincoln.
    Bibby, Andrew (2011), Backbone of England: Life and Landscape on the Pennine Watershed, Francis Lincoln.
    Bicknell, Peter (1947), British Hills and Mountains, Collins.
    Bingham, Roger (1990), Lost Resort: The Flow and Ebb of Morecambe, Cicerone Press.  36.
    Birkett, Bill (1994), Complete Lakeland Fells, Collins Willow.  51, 100, 104.
    Boulton, David (1988), Discovering Upper Dentdale, Dales Historical Monographs.
    Bracewell, Michael and Linder (2003), I Know Where I’m Going: A Guide to Morecambe and Heysham, BookWorks.  36.
heysham     Bragg, Melvyn (1983), Land of the Lakes, Secker & Warburg.  57.
    Brewer, Susan (2020), Pudding-Pokes, Flittermice and Bishy-Barney-Bees, Virtual Valley Publications.  98.
    Bryson, Bill (1995), Notes from a Small Island, Black Swan.  21, 137.

    Calvert, Tom (1995), The Lakeland Ridges Challenge Walk, Leading Edge.  51.
    Cameron, Alistair (2016), Slate Mining in the Lake District: An Illustrated History, Amberley.  28.
    Carlson, Allen and Berleant, Arnold, eds. (2004), The Aesthetics of Natural Environments, Broadview Press.  38, 42.
    Carr, Joseph and Marshall, Peter (1997), Bygone Bentham, Landy Publishing.
    Carruthers, F.J. (1976), Around the Lakeland Hills, Robert Hale.
    Champness, John (1993), Lancaster Castle: a Brief History, Lancashire County Books.
grisedale pike     Cockcroft, Barry (1975), The Dale that Died, J.M. Dent.  13.
    Collingwood, W.G. (1902), edited by Rollinson, William (1988), The Lake Counties, J.M. Dent.
    Copeland, B.M. (1981), Whittington: the Story of a Country Estate, W.S. Maney & Son Ltd.
    Cousins, John (2009), Friends of the Lake District: The Early Years, University of Lancaster.
    Cowen, Rob (2015), Common Ground, Windmill Books.
    Crow, Vivienne (2015), The Lake District: High Level and Fell Walks, Cicerone.  51.
    Cunliffe, Hugh (1984), The Story of Sunderland Point.
    Currey, Mason (2013), Daily Rituals: How Great Minds Make Time, Find Inspiration, and Get to Work, Picador.  45.

    Davies, Hunter (1989), The Good Guide to the Lake District (3rd edition), Foster Davies.
easedale tarn     Davies, Hunter (2016), Lakeland: A Personal Journey, Head of Zeus.  9.
    Dodd, Mervyn, ed. (1992), Lakeland Rocks and Landscape: A Field Guide, Ellenbank Press.
    Drews, John (1995), Lakeland High Tarns, David & Charles.  65.

    Edmunds, Malcolm, Mitcham, Tim and Morries, Geoff, eds. (2004), Wildlife of Lancashire, Carnegie.
    Elder, Melinda (1992), The Slave Trade and the Economic Development of 18th Century Lancaster, Keele University Press.

    Ford, William (1839), Description of Scenery in the Lake District, Charles Thurnham.  23.
    Forder, John & Eliza and Raistrick, Arthur (1985), Open Fell Hidden Dale, Frank Peters.

    Gamble, Don and St. Pierre, Tanya, eds. (2010), Hay Time in the Yorkshire Dales, Scotforth Books.
    Gee, Chris (2017), Walking in Pendle Witch Country and the West Pennine Moors, PiXZ Books.
    Gibson, Leslie Irving (1977), Lancashire Castles and Towers, Dalesman Books.
    Gilpin, William (1772), Observations on the Mountains and Lakes of Cumberland and Westmoreland, R. Blamire.
    Gooderson, Philip (1995), Lord Linoleum: Lord Ashton, Lancaster and the Rise of the British Oilcloth and Linoleum Industry, Keele University Press.
    Gray, Thomas (1769), A Guide to the Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, Pennington.
stocks res     Greenhalgh, Malcolm (2009), Ribble, River and Valley: A Local and Natural History, Carnegie.  5.
    Griffin, A. Harry (1963), In Mountain Lakeland, Guardian Press. 
    Griffin, A. Harry (1968), The Roof of England, Robert Hale.  51.
    Griffin, A. Harry, edited by Wainwright, Martin (2005), A Lifetime of Mountains: the Best of A. Harry Griffin’s Country Diary, Aurum Press.  55.
    Griffin, A. Harry, edited by Hardy, Peter (2008), The High Places: Leaves from a Lakeland Notebook, Frances Lincoln.
    Griffin, A. Harry, edited by Hardy, Peter (2011), Heritage of Lakeland: A Centenary Collection, Frances Lincoln.
    Gros, Frédéric (2014), A Philosophy of Walking, Verso.  45, 61, 125.

    Halpern, Ronald (2004), Landscape and the Metaphysical Imagination, in Carlson and Berleant (2004).  38.
    Hannon, Paul (1989), 80 Dales Walks, Cordee.
addleborough     Harding, Mike (1986), Walking the Dales, Michael Joseph.  10.
    Hartley, Marie and Ingilby, Joan (1956), The Yorkshire Dales, J M Dent and Sons.  26, 47, 102, 135.
    Harvie, Robin (2011), Why We Run: A Story of Obsession, John Murray.  115.
    Hayden, Gary (2016), Walking with Plato: A Philosophical Hike Through the British Isles, Oneworld.  62.
    Hayes, Gareth (2004), Odd Corners around the Howgills, Hayloft.
    Hayhurst, John (1995), Glasson Dock - the survival of a village, Centre for North-West Regional Studies, University of Lancaster.
    Heaton Cooper, William (1960), The Tarns of Lakeland, F. Warne.  65.
    Hewitson, Anthony (1900), Northward: Historic, Topographic, Residential, and Scenic Gleanings, etc. between Preston and Lancaster, George Toulmin & Sons.  138.
    Hill, David (1997), Turner in the North, Yale University Press.  72.
    Hill, Alan G. and de Selincourt, Ernest, eds. (1978), The Letters of William and Dorothy Wordsworth, Vol. IV, Oxford University Press.  42.
winterburn res     Hill, Howard (1980), Freedom to Roam: The Struggle for Access to Britain’s Moors and Mountains, Moorland Publishing.  11, 75.
    Hinchliffe, Ernest (1994), A Guide to the Packhorse Bridges of England, Cicerone Press.  11.
    Hindle, Brian Paul (1984), Roads and Trackways of the Lake District, Moorland Publishing.  60.
    Holder, Geoff (2009), The Guide to the Mysterious Lake District, The History Press.
    Housman, John (1808), A Descriptive Tour, and Guide to the Lakes, Caves, Mountains, and other Natural Curiosities, in Cumberland, Westmoreland, Lancashire, and a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire47, 133.
    Hudson, Phil (2000), Mining the ‘Lonsdale coals’, in Winstanley, Michael, ed., Rural Industries of the Lune Valley, University of Lancaster.  53, 84.
    Humphries, Muriel (1985), A History of the Ingleton Waterfalls Walk62.
    Hutchby, Clive (2012), The Wainwright Companion, Frances Lincoln.
    Hutton, Rev. John (1780), A Tour to the Caves, in the Environs of Ingleborough and Settle, in the West-Riding of Yorkshire, Pennington.

    Ingram, Simon (2015), Between the Sunset and the Sea, William Collins.  114, 115.

    Jackson, Peter (2014), The Story of the English Lake District, MyWalkingGuide.com.
    Johnson, David (2008), Ingleborough: Landscape and History, Carnegie Publishing.  10, 47.
    Johnson, Peter (2009), Cumbria's Weather: Your Complete Guide, Cinderbarrow Publishing.
    Jones, Clement (1948), A Tour in Westmorland, Titus Wilson & Son.

    Kelsall, Dennis and Kelsall, Jan (2012), Lune Valley and Howgills: A Walking Guide, Cicerone Press.  119.
    King, Carolyn M. and Powell, Roger A. (2006), The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats, Oxford University Press.  113. abbeystead
    Kletz, Trevor A. (2000), Green intention, red result, in Hazards XV: The Process, Its Safety and the Environment, Institute of Chemical Engineers.  53.

    Lamb, John (2018), Lancashire: A Journey into the Wild, Palatine Press.  78.
    Lloyd, Karen (2016), The Gathering Tide: A Journey Around the Edgelands of Morecambe Bay, Saraband Press.  52.
    Lord, A.A. (1983), Wandering in Bowland, Westmorland Gazette.
    Lynas, Bryan (1994), Lakeland Rocky Rambles: Geology Beneath your Feet, Sigma Leisure.

    Macfarlane, Robert (2003), Mountains of the Mind: A History of a Fascination, Granta Publications.  51, 115.
    Macfarlane, Robert (2007), The Wild Places, Granta Publications.
    Martineau, Harriet (1855), A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, Whittaker and Co.  23.
    Mather, J. Marshall (1888), Rambles around Rossendale, John Heywood.
lacy's caves     McCracken, David (1984), Wordsworth and the Lake District: A Guide to the Poems and their Places, Oxford University Press.  42.
    McCarthy, Michael (2009), Say Goodbye to the Cuckoo, Oxford University Press.  91.
    McKay, Sinclair (2012), Ramble On: The Story of Our Love for Walking Britain, Fourth Estate.  43.
    Messner, Reinhold (2001), Moving Mountains, Executive Excellence Publishing.  43.
    Millward, Roy and Robinson, Adrian (1970), The Lake District, TBS. 
    Minshull, Duncan, ed. (2000), The Vintage Book of Walking: An Anthology, Vintage.
    Mitchell, W.R. (1977), Bowland and Pendle Hill, Dalesman.  109.
    Mitchell, W.R. (1999), The Story of the Yorkshire Dales, Phillimore.
    Moorhouse, Sydney (1976), Twenty Miles Around Morecambe Bay, Trelawney Press.
    Muir, Richard (1991), The Dales of Yorkshire, Macmillan.  33.

    Naldrett, Peter (2017), Lake District Walks to Secret Tarns, Sigma Press.  65.
pendle     Neill, Robert (1951), Mist over Pendle, Hutchinson.  20.
    Nevin, Charles (2006), Lancashire: Where Women Die of Love, Mainstream Publishing.
    Nicholson, Geoff (2010), The Lost Art of Walking: The History, Science, Philosophy, Literature, Theory and Practice of Pedestrianism, Harbour.
    Nicholson, Norman (1955), The Lakers: The Adventures of the First Tourists, Robert Hale.  62.
    Nicholson, Norman (1969), Greater Lakeland, Robert Hale.  32, 107.
    Nicholson, Norman (1977), The Lakes, (first published (1963) as Portrait of the Lakes), Robert Hale.  23.

    Otley, Jonathan (1823), Concise Description of the English Lakes23.

    Palmer, William (1930), The English Lakes: Their Topographical, Historical and Literary Landscapes, George G. Harrop & Co.  12, 51.
    Palmer, William and Heaton Cooper, Alfred (1905), The English Lakes, Adam & Charles Black (text by Palmer; paintings by Heaton Cooper).  9.
    Park, Chris (2014), Swaledale and Richmond: The Story of a Dale, Palatine Books.
    Payn, James (1859), Handbook to the English Lakes51.
    Pearson, Alexander (1930), The Annals of Kirkby Lonsdale and Lunesdale Today, Titus Wilson & Son.
    Pennant, Thomas (1773), A Tour from Downing to Alston Moor133.
    Phillips, Roger (1980), Grasses, Ferns, Mosses and Lichens, Pan Books.  82.
    Pilton, Barry (1986), One Man and His Bog, Corgi Books.
dentdale     Pitt, David, ed. (2010), A Pennine Journey: From Settle to Hadrian’s Wall in Wainwright’s Footsteps, Frances Lincoln.  2.
    Poucher, W.A. (1960), The Lakeland Peaks, Constable.  51.
    Poucher, W.A. (1982), The Lake District, Constable.
    Poucher, W.A. (1984), The Yorkshire Dales and the Peak District, Constable.

    Raistrick, Arthur (1970), West Riding of Yorkshire, Hodder and Stoughton.
    Rawson, Jerry (2004), The Yorkshire Dales: Walks from the Howgills to Nidderdale, Halsgrove.
    Rawson, Jerry (2006), The Lake District: Walks from Skiddaw to Scafell, Halsgrove.
    Rebanks, James (2015), The Shepherd’s Life: A Tale of the Lake District, Allen Lane.  17.
    Richards, Mark (2008), Great Mountain Days in the Lake District, Cicerone Press.  51.
    Robinson, Cedric (2007), Between the Tides: The Perilous Beauty of Morecambe Bay, Great Northern Books.
    Rollinson, William (1974), Life and Tradition in the Lake District, J.M. Dent.
    Rollinson, William, ed. (1988), The Lake District: Landscape Heritage, David & Charles.
cockersands abbey     Rosen, Jonathan (2011), The Difference between Birdwatching and Birding, The New Yorker (October 17).  37.

    Salisbury, John (2004), Nateby and Pilling Moss: The Pre-Historic Legacy, Sue Brown.
    Sedgwick, Adam (1868), A Memorial by the Trustees of Cowgill Chapel135.
    Self, John (2010), The Land of the Lune, Drakkar Press.  24, 112, 132.
    Self, John (2015), Rainy Day Rambles in the Lake District, Drakkar Press.
    Sellers, Gladys (1986), The Yorkshire Dales: a Walker’s Guide to the National Park, Cicerone Press.  58.
    Sharp, Jack (1989), New Walks in the Yorkshire Dales, Robert Hale.
    Shaw, Helen and Stachulski, Andrew (2015), The Forest of Bowland, Merlin Unwin.
    Shepherd, Nan (1977), The Living Mountain, Aberdeen University Press.
    Shotter, David and White, Andrew (1995), The Romans in Lunesdale, Centre for North-West Regional Studies, University of Lancaster.  123.
dufton pike     Smith, Alan (2010), Lakeland Rocks: An Introductory Guide, Rigg Side Publications.  35.
    Smith, Jonathan (2017), The Dales 30: A Guide to the Mountains of the Yorkshire & Cumbria Dales, Where2walk.  51.
    Speakman, Colin (2014), The Yorkshire Dales National Park: A Celebration of 60 Years, Great Northern.
    Speight, Harry (1895), Craven and the North West Yorkshire Highlands, Elliot Stock.
    Stansfield, Andy (2006), The Forest of Bowland and Pendle Hill, Halsgrove.
    Start, Daniel and Pascoe, Tania (2016), Wild Guide: Lake District & Yorkshire Dales, Wild Things Publishing.
    Stephens, Nicholas (1990), Natural Landscapes of Britain from the air, Cambridge University Press.  102.
    Stevenson, Robert Louis (1892), Walking Tours, Cornhill Magazine.  61.
    Swain, Robert (1992), Walking down the Lune, Cicerone Press.  119.
    Swain, Robert (2001), 55 555 Walks, Yan Press.
    Symonds, H.H. (1933), Walking in the Lake District, Maclehose & Co.

    Thompson, Ian (2010), The English Lakes: A History, Bloomsbury.  83.
    Thoreau, Henry David (1862), Walking, The Atlantic Monthly.  45, 108.
    Trott, Freda (1991), Sedbergh, T.W. Douglas & Son.
    Turnbull, Ronald (2009), Granite and Grit: A Walker’s Guide to the Geology of British Mountains, Francis Lincoln.  35.

    Unsworth, Walt (1988), An Illustrated Companion into Lakeland, Oxford Illustrated Press. 

    Wainwright, Alfred (1955-66), A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells, Westmorland Gazette.  28, 43, 51, 104.
whernside     Wainwright, Alfred (1970), Walks in Limestone Country, Westmorland Gazette.  24, 102.
    Wainwright, Alfred (1972), Walks on the Howgill Fells, Westmorland Gazette.  13, 38.
    Wainwright, Alfred (1974), The Outlying Fells of Lakeland, Westmorland Gazette.  52, 100.
    Wainwright, Alfred (1991), Favourite Lakeland Mountains, Michael Joseph.
    Waltham, Tony (1987), Yorkshire Dales: Limestone Country, Constable.  98, 102.
    Waltham, Tony (2007), The Yorkshire Dales Landscape and Geology, Crowood Press.
    Wellburn, Alan R. (1997), Leck, Cowan Bridge and the Brontës.
    West, Thomas (1778), A Guide to the Lakes18, 19.
    White, Andrew (2004), Life in Georgian Lancaster, Carnegie Publishing.
    White, Robert (2005), The Yorkshire Dales: A Landscape Through Time, Great Northern.
    Wilson, Ken and Gilbert, Richard, eds. (1982), Classic Walks, Diadem Books.  75.
    Wilson, Stephen (1992), Geology of the Yorkshire Dales National Park, Yorkshire Dales National Park Committee.
    Wiltshire, Jan (2008), About Scout Scar: Looking into a Cumbrian Landscape, Palatine.  128.
    Winchester, Angus (2006), England's Landscape: The North-West, English Heritage.  138.
    Winstanley, Michael, ed. (2000), Rural Industries of the Lune Valley, Centre for North-West Regional Studies, University of Lancaster.  84.
    Wright, Geoffrey N. (1985), Roads and Trackways of the Yorkshire Dales, Moorland Publishing.
    Wyatt, John (1973, republished 2012), The Shining Levels, Little Toller Books.
    Wylie, John (2007), Landscape, Routledge.  68.

    Yoshikawa, Saeko (2016), William Wordsworth and the Invention of Tourism, 1820-1900, Routledge.


The Cumbria Wildlife Trust.
The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).
The Environment Agency.
The Forest of Bowland AONB.
Friends of the Dales, to protect and enhance the Yorkshire Dales.
The Friends of the Lake District, to protect Lake District landscapes.
The Lake District National Park.
The Lake District Search and Mountain Rescue Association.
The Lancashire Wildlife Trust.
Lancaster & District Birdwatching Society
The Land of the Lune, a guide to the region within the Lune watershed.
Mark Avery’s blog, about the environment and environmental campaigns.
The National Biodiversity Network, makes wildlife data available on the internet.
National Character Area profiles.
Natural England, the government’s advisor on the natural environment.
The North West Naturalists Union.
Open Spaces Society, protecting open spaces, common land and public paths.
Out of Oblivion, about the cultural landscape of the Yorkshire Dales.
The People’s Trust for Endangered Species, concerned with endangered species throughout the world.
The South Cumbria Rivers Trust, concerned with the aquatic environments of South Cumbria.
Val Corbett Photography, photographs of the Lake District.
The Wainwright Society.
Walking Britain.
Where2Walk, describes walks in the Lake District and Yorkshire Dales.
The Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, concerned with international wildlife conservation.
The Woodland Trust.
The Yorkshire Dales National Park.
The Yorkshire Dales Biodiversity Forum, on wildlife conservation in the Yorkshire Dales.
The Yorkshire Wildlife Trust.

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Blencathra

Top photo: The western Howgills from Dillicar; Bottom photo: Blencathra from Great Mell Fell